Tangerine Dream


Profile:
Led by Edgar Froese, Tangerine Dream is perhaps the premier exponent of electronic "rock" music. From their "free-rock" beginnings in the nascent Kraut Rock scene to the eventual triple keyboard standard that signed to Virgin, this German group can take significant credit in introducing synthesizer/sequenced electronic music to most of the western rock world. At the height of their success - during the mid to late 1970s - the Dream's spacey, pulsing music earned them a tenatious cult following. By the late Seventies, however, line-ups, and more importantly, the formula changed, tilting towards more conventional "rock" music. By the early 1980s, TD was primarily releasing lucrative soundtrack work, before settling into New Age content by mid-decade.

Formed in Berlin in 1967, the initial line up (on their first release Electronic Meditation) included Edgar Froese, Conrad Schnitzler (cello) and Klaus Schulze (drums). Their compositions, or rather experimental improvisations, had roots in the psychedelia of London albeit with the Kraut twist. Electronic Meditation is perhaps a misnomer; traditional instrumentation of organ, drums, guitar, cello, flute were hardly electronic and "freak out jamming" is the more appropriate adjective, reflecting the confluence of Twentieth Century avant-garde music. Both Schnitzler and Schulze would depart after this album, with the latter forming Ash Ra Tempel. Second album, Alpha Centauri, saw the addition of long-standing member Christopher Franke replacing Schulze, while Peter Baumann would come aboard for Zeit. Although unissued until the mid-1980s, Green Desert was recorded in 1973. The core of Froese, Franke and Baumann would sign to Virgin Records in 1973, and the subsequent release Phaedra would cement their style for years to come. Understated, droning keyboard and guitar melodies intertwined with ambient washes of reverberating electronic textures, utilizing synthesizers and sequencers, was typical of the TD sound. Compositions were long, melodic, pulsing pieces. Michael Hoenig temporarily replaced Baumann for an Australian tour in 1975. One highlight of the Virgin period was Sorcerer, a soundtrack to the film of the same name. After Baumann's departure in 1978, TD experimented with the formula on Cyclone, which saw the addition of Steve Jolliffe, adding vocals and woodwinds. Force Majuere was the classic of this period. Johannes Schmölling would join for Tangram. This line-up remained stable until the mid-1980s, as the group shifted toward more rhythmic textures. The increased emphasis on sequencers and drum machines in the first half of the 1980s alienated longtime fans, as did subsequent releases which veered heavily into relatively accessible, uplifting melodies. After a brief stint with Jive Records from 1984 to 1988, TD signed to Baumann's Private Music label and then the equally New Agey Miramar, fully embracing digital textures and seeking to distance the group from its moody, psychedelic past. Paul Haslinger replaced Schmölling in 1985, and was in turn replaced by Froese's son Jerome Froese in 1990. Franke left in 1987 over creative differences with Froese. After a mid-1990s move to Edgar Froese's own TDI Music label (later renamed Eastgate), TD's reputation as a New Age band became less appropriate -- father and son experimented with more modern sounds and revisited elements of past glories -- but the group's artist direction remained fairly entrenched in melodic pop-rock territory.

Sites: tangerinedream-music.com

Albums

Electronic Meditation ◄ (22 versions) Ohr 1970
Alpha Centauri ◄ (17 versions) Ohr 1971
Zeit ◄ (25 versions) Ohr 1972
Atem ◄ (19 versions) Ohr 1973
Phaedra ◄ (44 versions) Virgin, Virgin 1974
Ricochet ◄ (34 versions) Virgin 1975
Rubycon ◄ (47 versions) Virgin, Virgin 1975
Stratosfear ◄ (35 versions) Virgin 1976
Encore ◄ (18 versions) Virgin, Virgin 1977
Cyclone ◄ (27 versions) Virgin 1978
Force Majeure ◄ (31 versions) Virgin 1979
Sorcerer ◄ (18 versions) MCA Records 1979
Tangram ◄ (27 versions) Virgin 1980
Thief ◄ (20 versions) Virgin 1981
Exit ◄ (21 versions) Virgin, Virgin 1981
Quichotte ◄ (12 versions) AMIGA 1981
White Eagle ◄ (17 versions) Virgin, Virgin 1982
Logos Live ◄ (14 versions) Virgin 1982
Hyperborea ◄ (10 versions) Virgin, Virgin 1983
Wavelength ◄ (3 versions) Varèse Sarabande 1983
Flashpoint ◄ (9 versions) EMI America 1984
Poland ◄ (21 versions) Jive Electro 1984
Firestarter ◄ (6 versions) MCA Records 1984
Le Parc ◄ (21 versions) Jive Electro 1985
Heartbreakers ◄ (4 versions) Virgin 1985
Green Desert ◄ (8 versions) Relativity 1986
Underwater Sunlight ◄ (16 versions) Jive Electro 1986
Legend: Music From The Motion Picture Soundtrack ◄ (4 versions) MCA Records 1986
Tyger ◄ (13 versions) Jive 1987
Tangerine Dream / Sylvester Levay / David Tickle & Rick Morotta* - Three O'Clock High ◄ (2 versions) Varèse Sarabande 1987
Near Dark ◄ (4 versions) Silva Screen 1987
Shy People ◄ (6 versions) Varèse Sarabande 1987
Optical Race ◄ (13 versions) Private Music 1988
Livemiles ◄ (14 versions) Jive 1988
Destination Berlin ◄ (2 versions) Hansa 1989
Catch Me... If You Can ◄ (2 versions) Edel Screen 1989
Miracle Mile ◄ (7 versions) Private Music 1989
Lily On The Beach ◄ (11 versions) Private Music 1989
Melrose ◄ (4 versions) Private Music 1990
Dead Solid Perfect (CD, Album) Silva Screen, Silva Screen 1990
Rumpelstiltskin ◄ (3 versions) Kid Rhino 1991
The Park Is Mine ◄ (2 versions) Silva Screen, Silva Screen 1991
Canyon Dreams (Cass, Album) Miramar 1991
L'Affaire Wallraff (The Man Inside) (CD) EMI Music France 1991
Quinoa ◄ (4 versions) Volt Records 1992
Rockoon ◄ (11 versions) Virgin Schallplatten GmbH 1992
Deadly Care (CD, Album) Silva Screen 1992
220 Volt Live ◄ (3 versions) Miramar 1993
Turn Of The Tides ◄ (7 versions) Virgin, Virgin Schallplatten GmbH 1994
The Dream Mixes ◄ (7 versions) Miramar 1995
Tyranny Of Beauty ◄ (9 versions) Miramar 1995
Goblins Club ◄ (3 versions) When! Recordings 1996
Zoning (Original Video-Soundtrack) (CD, Album) Repertoire Records 1996
Tournado ◄ (4 versions) TDI Music, TDI Music 1997
Oasis ◄ (6 versions) TDI Music 1997
Ambient Monkeys ◄ (4 versions) TDI Music 1997
Transsiberia ◄ (3 versions) TDI Music 1998
Dream Mixes Vol. 2: Time Square ◄ (2 versions) TDI Music 1998
The Hollywood Years Vol. 2 ◄ (3 versions) TDI Music 1998
The Hollywood Years Vol. 1 ◄ (2 versions) TDI Music 1998
Valentine Wheels ◄ (3 versions) TDI Music 1998
Luminous Visions (DVD-V, NTSC + CD, Album) Sony Music Entertainment Inc., Sony Music Entertainment Inc. 1998
Dream Encores (CD) TDI Music 1998
Mars Polaris ◄ (2 versions) TDI Music 1999
What A Blast ◄ (2 versions) TDI Music 1999
The Keep: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (CD, Ltd) TDI Music 1999
Sohoman (CD, Album) TDI Music 1999
The Seven Letters From Tibet ◄ (2 versions) TDI Music 2000
Great Wall Of China (CD, Album) TDI Music 2000
Soundmill Navigator (CD, Album, RM) TDI Music 2000
Dream Mixes Three: The Past Hundred Moons (CD) TDI Music 2001
Inferno ◄ (6 versions) TDI Music 2002
Rockface ◄ (2 versions) TDI Music 2003
The Bootleg Box Set, Vol. 1 ◄ (2 versions) Castle Music 2003
DM 4 (Dream Mixes IV) (CD, Mixed) TDI Music, Indigo (2) 2003
Mota Atma (CD, Album) TDP International 2003
The Melrose Years (3xCD) TDI Music 2003
Vault 4 Brighton 1986 ◄ (2 versions) TDI Music 2004
East ◄ (3 versions) TDI Music 2004
Vault 4 Cleveland 1986 ◄ (2 versions) TDI Music 2004
Purgatorio ◄ (2 versions) TDI Music 2004
Live In America / 1992 (DVD-V, NTSC, DTS + CD) Eagle Vision 2004
Sydney - February 22nd 1982 (2xCD, Ltd) TDI Music 2004
Paris - February 2nd 1981 (2xCD, Ltd) TDI Music 2004
Arizona Live (2xCD, Album) TDI Music 2004
Ottawa - June 20th 1986 (2xCD, Ltd) TDI Music 2004
Aachen - January 21st 1981 (2xCD, Ltd) TDI Music 2004
Montreal - April 9th 1977 (2xCD, Ltd) TDI Music 2004
The Bootleg Box Set, Vol. 2 (7xCD + Box) Castle Music 2004
Kyoto ◄ (2 versions) TDI Music 2005
Rocking Mars ◄ (2 versions) TDI Music 2005
Jeanne D'Arc - La Révolte Éternelle ◄ (3 versions) TDI Music 2005
Phaedra 2005 ◄ (2 versions) Eastgate 2005
Tangerine Dream Plays Tangerine Dream ◄ (2 versions) Eastgate 2006
Paradiso ◄ (2 versions) Eastgate 2006
Preston - November 5th 1980 (2xCD, Ltd, Album) TDI Music 2006
Detroit - March 31st 1977 (2xCD, Ltd) TDI Music 2006
Blue Dawn (CD, Album) Eastgate 2006
Summer In Nagasaki ◄ (3 versions) Eastgate 2007
Springtime In Nagasaki ◄ (2 versions) Eastgate 2007
Madcap's Flaming Duty ◄ (6 versions) Eastgate 2007
Mars Mission Counter (CD, Album) Membran Music 2007
One Times One (CD, Album, Cup) Eastgate 2007
Hyperborea 2008 ◄ (3 versions) Eastgate 2008
Tangram 2008 ◄ (3 versions) Eastgate 2008
Autumn In Hiroshima ◄ (3 versions) Eastgate 2008
Views From A Red Train ◄ (3 versions) Eastgate 2008
Canyon Cazuma (CD, Album) Membran Music Ltd. 2008
Purple Diluvial (CD, Album, Cup) Eastgate 2008
The Anthology Decades - The Space Years Volume One (CD, Album) Eastgate 2008
Chandra - The Phantom Ferry Part I ◄ (2 versions) Eastgate 2009
Winter In Hiroshima ◄ (2 versions) Eastgate 2009
The London Eye Concert (3xCD) Eastgate 2009
Flame (CD, Ltd, Album, Cup) Eastgate 2009
The Endless Season (Part Five From The Five Atomic Seasons) ◄ (3 versions) Eastgate 2010
Zeitgeist Concert (3xCD, Album) Eastgate 2010
Under Cover - Chapter One (CD, Album) Eastgate 2010
Izu (2xCD, Album) Eastgate 2010
DM V (Dream Mixes V) (CD, Album) Moonpop, Eastgate 2010
Finnegans Wake (James Joyce) (CD, Album) Eastgate 2011
Live In Manchester (3xCD, Album) Eastgate 2011
Mona Da Vinci (CD, Album, Cup) Eastgate 2011
The Angel From The West Window (CD, Album) Eastgate 2011
The Gate Of Saturn (CD, Album, Cup) Eastgate 2011
The Island Of The Fay (Edgar Allan Poe's) (CD, Album) Eastgate 2011

Singles & EPs

Ultima Thule ◄ (2 versions) Ohr 1971
Phaedra (7", Promo) Virgin Records America, Inc. 1974
Ricochet (Part I) / Ricochet (Part II) (7", W/Lbl, Promo) Virgin 1975
Stratosfear / The Big Sleep In Search Of Hades ◄ (3 versions) Virgin 1976
Grind ◄ (3 versions) MCA Records 1977
Encore (7") Virgin 1977
Rising Runner Missed By Endless Sender / Bent Cold Sidewalk (7", Promo) Ariola Eurodisc S.A. 1978
Excerpts From "Force Majeure" (7", S/Sided, Promo) Virgin 1979
Tangram Part I-IV (7", Promo, EP) Virgin, Virgin 1980
Choronzon ◄ (2 versions) Virgin 1981
Beach Scene / Burning Bar (7", Promo) Virgin France S.A. 1981
Dr. Destructo / Diamond Diary (12", Promo) Elektra 1981
Das Mädchen Auf Der Treppe ◄ (4 versions) Virgin, Virgin 1982
Cinnamon Road / Hyperborea (7", Promo) Virgin 1983
Daydream (7", Single) Virgin, Virgin 1983
Warsaw In The Sun ◄ (7 versions) Jive Electro 1984
Gems, The / Tangerine Dream - Flashpoint / Going West (7") EMI America 1984
Love On A Real Train / Guido The Killer Pimp (7", Promo, Single) Virgin France S.A. 1984
Streethawk ◄ (5 versions) Jive Electro 1985
Dolphin Dance (12") Relativity 1986
Tyger / 21st Century Common Man (Part II) ◄ (3 versions) TELDEC 1987
Dancing On A White Moon / Shy People (7", Single) Edelton 1988
Alexander Square ◄ (3 versions) Hansa 1989
Optical Race (CD, Maxi, Promo) Private Music 1989
Oranges Don't Dance (CD, EP, Tou) Private Music 1990
Rockoon Special Edition ◄ (2 versions) Miramar 1992
Dreamtime (CD, EP, Ltd) Miramar 1993
Specially Edited Selections From Turn Of The Tides (CD, Maxi) Miramar 1994
Turn Of The Tides (Specially Edited Selections From...) (CD, EP, CD-) Miramar 1994
Turn Of The Tides CD-5 (CD, Maxi) Miramar 1994
Catwalk (CD, Maxi, Promo) Miramar 1995
Shepherd's Bush (CD, Maxi, Ltd) TDI Music 1996
Towards The Evening Star ◄ (3 versions) When! Recordings 1997
Das Mädchen Auf Der Treppe (97 Remix) (CD, EP, Promo) Virgin Schallplatten GmbH 1997
Limited World Tour Edition 1997 (CD, Maxi, Ltd) TDI Music 1997
Sony Center (Topping Out Ceremony Score) (CD, EP, Promo) TDI Music 1998
Ça Va - Ça Marche - Ça Ira Encore (CD, EP, Bon) TDI Music 1998
DM 4 Bonus CD (CD, EP, Ltd) TDI Music 2003
Astoria Theatre London (CD, Maxi, Ltd) TDP International 2003
Space Flight Orange (CD, Single, Ltd) TDI Music 2005
Metaphor (The Phylogenetic Unconscious Circuit Of Nothing And The Conscious Illusion Of Everything Searching For The Black Hat In A Dark Room Which Isn't There.) (CD, EP, Ltd) Eastgate 2006
40 Years Roadmap To Music (CD, EP, Ltd) Eastgate 2006
One Night In Space (CD, EP, Ltd) Eastgate 2007
Bells Of Accra (CD, Single, Ltd) Eastgate 2007
Sleeping Watches Snoring In Silence (CD, EP, Ltd) Eastgate 2007
Choice (CD, EP, Ltd, Min) Eastgate 2008
Fallen Angels (CD, EP, Ltd, Min) Eastgate 2008
Das Romantische Opfer (CD, Single, Ltd) Eastgate 2008
A Cage In Search Of A Bird (CD, EP, Ltd) Eastgate 2009
Zeitgeist (CD, EP, Min) Eastgate 2010

Compilations

Alpha Centauri / Atem ◄ (7 versions) Brain 1976
Force Majeure / Cyclone (Cass, Album, Comp, Twi) 747 1979
Tangerine Dream '70 - '80 (4xLP, Comp) Virgin 1980
Dream Sequence ◄ (4 versions) Virgin 1985
...In The Beginning ◄ (2 versions) Relativity 1985
The Collection ◄ (3 versions) Castle Communications 1987
The Best Of Tangerine Dream ◄ (4 versions) Jive 1989
Synthetiseur (3xCD, Album, Ltd, Comp + Box, Pic) Virgin 1990
From Dawn 'til Dusk (1973 - 1988) (CD, Comp) Music Club 1991
Dream Music ◄ (2 versions) Silva America 1992
The Private Music Of Tangerine Dream ◄ (3 versions) Private Music 1992
Tangerine Dream(3) (3xCD, Album, RE, Ltd, Comp + Box, Pic) Virgin 1992
The Story Of Tangerine Dream (2xCD) Jive 1992
Tangents 1973 · 1983 (5xCD, Comp + Box) Virgin, Virgin 1994
Book Of Dreams ◄ (3 versions) Essential, Castle Communications 1995
Atmospherics (CD, Comp) Emporio 1995
Dream Music 2 (CD, Comp) Silva America 1995
The Dream Roots Collection (5xCD, Mixed, Comp + Box, Mixed) Essential, Essential 1996
Tangerine Dream (CD, Comp) Disky 1996
Atlantic Bridges ◄ (3 versions) TDI Music 1998
Atlantic Walls ◄ (3 versions) TDI Music 1998
The Best Of Tangerine Dream - The Pink Years (CD, Comp) Castle Communications 1998
The Analogue Space Years 1969-1973 (2xCD, Comp, Ltd) Purple Pyramid 1998
Tangerine Dream (CD, Comp) Disky 1999
Tang-Go: The Best Of Tangerine Dream 1990-2000 (2xCD, Comp) TDI Music 2000
The Best Of Tangerine Dream: The Blue Years (CD, Comp) Castle Music 2000
Antique Dreams (CD) TDI Music 2000
I-Box (6xCD, Comp) TDI Music 2001
Journey Through A Burning Brain (Anthology) (3xCD, Comp) Castle Music 2002
An Introduction To... (CD, Comp) Sanctuary Midline 2004
High Voltage (4xCD, Comp + Box) Membran Music Ltd., TDI Music, Documents 2004
The Essential Tangerine Dream (CD, Comp) Virgin Music Germany 2006
The Essential Collection (2xCD) Metro Doubles 2006
Tangerine Dream (CD) Eurotrend 2006
Nebulous Dawn (The Early Years) (3xCD, Comp) Castle Music 2006
Ocean Waves Collection ◄ (2 versions) Eastgate 2007
Silver Siren Collection ◄ (2 versions) Eastgate 2007
Tangines Scales ◄ (2 versions) Eastgate 2007
Booster ◄ (2 versions) Eastgate 2007
Cyberjam Collection ◄ (2 versions) Eastgate 2007
DM 2.1 (CD, Comp) Moonpop 2007
Ultima Thule: The Electronic Magic Of Tangerine Dream (2xCD, Comp) LandMark (3) 2008
Booster Vol. II (2xCD, Comp) Eastgate 2008
The Vintage Years Anthology (2x10", Comp + 12") Purple Pyramid 2008
The Dante Arias Collection ◄ (2 versions) Membran Music Ltd. 2009
The Dante Song Collection ◄ (2 versions) Membran Music Ltd. 2009
Mysterious Semblance At The Strand Of Nightmares (LP, Comp + CD, Comp) Lilith, Lilith 2009
Ballads (4xCD, Comp + Box) Membran Music Ltd. 2009
The Anthology Decades - The Space Years, Vol. 1 (CD, Comp, RE) Membran Music Ltd. 2009
Music For Sports - Power And Motion (CD, Comp) Membran Music Ltd. 2009
Music For Sports - Cool Races (CD, Comp) Membran Music Ltd. 2009
The Independent Years (CD, Comp) Membran Music Ltd. 2009
Vintage Vanguard (CD, Comp) Membran Music Ltd. 2009
Axiat (CD, Comp) Membran Music Ltd. 2009
Hollywood Lightning (CD, Comp) Membran Music Ltd. 2009
The Electronic Journey (10xCD, RM, Comp + Box) Membran Music Ltd. 2010
Booster III (CD, Comp) Eastgate 2010
Run To Vegas (LP, Comp + CD, Comp) Lilith 2010
The Virgin Years 1974-1978 ◄ (2 versions) EMI, Virgin, Virgin 2011
Booster IV (2xCD, Comp) Eastgate 2011

Videos

Three Phase (VHS, PAL) BMG Video 1993
The Video Dream Mixes (DVD, PAL) MAWA Film & Medien 1996
Live In America / 1992 (DVD-V, PAL) Eagle Rock Entertainment Ltd. 2004
Live At The Tempodrome Berlin ◄ (2 versions) Eastgate 2006
London Astoria Club Concert 2007 ◄ (2 versions) Eastgate 2007
35th Phaedra Anniversary Concert ◄ (2 versions) Voiceprint 2007
Tony Palmer 's Film Of Tangerine Dream - Live At Coventry Cathedral 1975 (DVD-V, NTSC) Respect Recordings 2007
Orange Odyssey (DVD-V, PAL) Eastgate 2007
One Night In Space (DVD-V, PAL) Eastgate 2007
Tangerine Dream Plays Edgar Froese - The Epsilon Journey (DVD-V, PAL) Eastgate 2008
Loreley (DVD-V, PAL) Eastgate 2008
The London Eye Concert (2xDVD-V, Multichannel, PAL) Eastgate 2009
Rocking Out The Bats (DVD-V, Multichannel, PAL) Eastgate 2009

Miscellaneous

House Of The Rising Sun (Flexi, 6", S/Sided, Shape) Reflex Magazine 1989
Canyon Dreams ◄ (4 versions) Miramar 1991
The Keep Cues (CD, Ltd, Promo) Ricochet Dream 2008
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